Key Laboratory of Medicinal Resources and Natural Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710119, China
School of Chinese Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong 999077, China
ABSTRACT: Targeting drug delivery remains a challenge in various disease treatment including cancer. The local drug deposit could be greatly enhanced by some external stimuliresponsive systems. Here we develop pluronic P123/F127 polymeric micelles (M) encapsulating curcumin (Cur) that are permeabilized directly by focused ultrasound, in which ultrasound triggers drug release. Tumor preferential accumulation and site-specific sonochemotherapy were then evaluated. Cur-loaded P123/F127 mixed micelles (Cur-M) exhibited longer circulating time and increased cellular uptake compared to free Cur. With the assistance of focused ultrasound treatment, Cur-M showed tumor-targeting deposition in a time-dependent manner following systemic administration. This was due to enhanced permeabilization of tumor regions and increased penetration of Cur-M in irradiated tumor cells by ultrasound sonoporation. Furthermore, Cur-M self-assembly could be regulated by ultrasound irradiation. In vitro Cur release from mixed micelles was greatly dependent on ultrasound intensity but not on duration, suggesting the cavitational threshold was necessary to initiate subsequent sonochemotherapy. In vivo site-specific drug release was demonstrated in dual-tumor models, which showed spatial-temporal release of entrapped drugs following intratumoral injection. The sonoporation-assisted sitespecific chemotherapy significantly inhibited tumor growth and the decrease in tumor weight was approximately 6.5-fold more than without exposure to ultrasound irradiation. In conclusion, the established ultrasound-guided nanomedicine targeting deposit and local release may represent a new strategy to improve chemotherapy efficiency.
KEYWORDS: mixed micelles, ultrasound-responsive, targeting accumulation, local release, sonoporation-assisted chemotherapy